Reducing the Risk of Death from Chest Pain and Heart Attack through First Aid

Akinfosile Dare Joseph

A shocking news of the death of a Nigerian football great strikes again! The Nigeria Football Federation (NFF) Technical Director, Amodu Shaibu died at the age of 58 on Saturday morning, 10 June 2016. His death came just three days after the death of former coach of the Super Eagles of Nigeria, Stephen Keshi.
While Stephen Keshi’s death is related to Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA), Amodu Shuaibu is said to have died in his sleep in the early morning of Saturday after complaining of chest pain the previous night. According to media reports, aside from the complaint of chest pain, a member of the deceased mentioned that Amodu’s blood pressure was high. It was also said that he was in an apparent state of good health.

CHEST PAIN

Perhaps you have experienced chest pain before without any serious outcome and you wondered how that could cause a person’s death. While pains are part of human life, it is often the body’s way of telling you that something might be wrong somewhere. Certain pains are temporary; however, intense and frequent pains may require medical evaluation.
Chest pain is not necessarily an indication of serious health issues, however, it might be a symptom of an underlying medical condition.

CAUSES OF CHEST PAIN

Pain in the chest can be as a result of a number of conditions including:

  • Angina pectoris
  • Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
  • Osteoarthritis of the vertebrae
  • Pericarditis (inflammation of the heart’s membrane)
  • Heartburn
  • Pneumonia
  • High blood pressure
  • Shingles
  • Pulmonary embolism

The list can go on and on.

ANGINA PECTORIS AND HEART ATTACK

Angina pectoris is a constricting pain in the chest that results from an inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood to the heart muscle. Angina pectoris often occurs when the heart is over exerted. The pain is usually relieved by rest. While angina pectoris usually occurs during exercise, some types may happen without any physical provocation. Unstable angina occurs during sleep, while Prinzmetal’s angina, a type of unstable angina occurs while at rest.
Symptoms of angina pectoris may include pain in the chest, shortness of breath, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, profuse sweating and anxiety.
A heart attack is the sudden death of part of the heart muscles as a result of blood supply deprivation to the heart muscles due to a blockage in the coronary artery. Myocardial Infarction (MI) or heart attack can be fatal (1 out of 4). Some heart attack victims have a history of angina pectoris.
Symptoms of heart attack include excruciating pain in the chest that spreads to the arms, left shoulder, jaws and upper abdomen, breathlessness, restlessness, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, profuse sweating, clammy skin, anxiety and…

 

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