Vehicle Tyre Safety: Five Things You Need To Check

With the increasingly hot weather conditions and owing to the fact that tyre burst of recent, accounted for most Road Traffic Crashes, vehicle owner or driver cannot underestimate the value of the tyre to the vehicle, and most importantly the role it plays in saving lives.
The Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) has on account of this called on all vehicle owners and drivers to pay keen attention to the conditions of their vehicle’s tyres more than ever before.
Bisi Kazeem, the Head Media Relations and Strategy of the FRSC, who attributed tyre burst to one of the factors responsible for Road Traffic Accidents said, “Some tyres are expired, some are substandard products, some are under-inflated, some are over-inflated, and some have been handled wrongly by vulcanizers”.
In order to be safe, great care need to be taken to ensure that vehicle tyres are always in good condition. The following steps as described below are ways to making sure that your tyres are constantly fit for the road:
1) Tyre Pressures
A tyre does not have to look flat to be under inflated. To be safe you should check the pressure at least once a fortnight. If you are unsure as to what the correct pressure is for your vehicle, have a look in the Vehicle Manual.
Always remember that tyre pressure should only be tested when your tyres are cold – a good guideline is to leave them for an hour after driving so that they can cool down.
If you drive around on under or over inflated tyres, your vehicle’s handling will be seriously affected – in most cases the vehicle will become unstable.
The wrong tyre pressure also increases tyre wear, significantly shortening its lifespan and increasing the chances of the tyre failing whilst driving.
2) Wheel Alignment
If your tyre is evenly worn across the surface, then this could be a sign of over/under inflation. However, if it is only worn on one edge it is likely to be the result of poor wheel alignment. If this is the case you need to have a professional garage check your tracking.
3) Wheel Balancing
An unbalanced wheel can cause dangerous mechanical damage. Visit your mechanic to have your wheels balanced as a matter of course after replacing your tyre.
4) Tread Depth
Check out what the current legal limit for your tyre tread depth from your vehicle manual, as for the British legal limit for car tread depth it is 1.6mm (across 75% of the tyre). However, the deeper the tread the more grip you will have when driving. Try as much as possible to replace your tyres when the tread is less than 3mm.
There is a simple test you can perform to test the tread depth of you tyres and the best part is that a coin should fits snugly into the tyre depths.
To test, take a coin and place it in-between the main grooves of the tyre. If you can see the outer band of the coin, the tyre may have insufficient tread depth. At this point, it is advised that you have your tyres checked over by a qualified mechanic.
5) Spare Tyre
Even if you never use your spare it is still vital that you check that it is in good condition. Check the pressure and the tyre tread periodically.
It is better to discover any problems in a safe and comfortable environment, i.e. at home, than by the roadside.